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Desun Today : June 2015 - What is it ? Medical Terms in Simplified

1. What is Haemoglobin?

  • Haemoglobin is the protein molecule found in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues and returns carbon dioxide from the tissues back to the lungs.

2. What is a Blood Clot?

  • Blood clots are healthy and lifesaving when they stop a bleed. However, blood clots can also form abnormally, causing a heart attack, stroke, etc. Blood has to quickly form a blood clot when bleeding occurs. Normal value of clotting time is 2 to 6 minutes.

3. What is meant by Platelet Count?

  • A Platelet Count is a test to measure how many platelets you have in your blood. Platelets are parts of the blood that help the blood to clot. Platelets may be counted to monitor or diagnose diseases, or to look for the cause of excess bleeding or clotting. If you do not have enough platelets, you may bleed too much.

4. What is Prothrombin Time Test?

  • A Prothrombin Time Test measures how quickly your blood clots. It can also be ordered to detect a bleeding disorder,diagnose liver problems, screen people having surgery for unrecognized bleeding problems.

5. What is a CRP Test?

  • The level of C-Reactive Protein (CRP) in your blood is measured through this test. It increases when there's inflammation in your body, but will not identify its location or the cause.

6. What is a ABG Test?

  • An Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) test measures the acidity (pH) and the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood from an artery. This test is used to check how well your lungs are able to move oxygen into the blood and remove carbon dioxide from the blood.

7. What is a Procalcitonin Test?

  • This test is used for diagnosis of Bacteremia, Septicemia and also Risk Stratification with monitoring of Septic Shock, Severe Trauma, Burns and Multi-organ failure.

8. What is meant by Sepsis?

  • Sepsis is a life-threatening complication of an infection. Sepsis occurs when chemicals released into the bloodstream to fight the infection trigger inflammatory responses throughout the body. If sepsis progresses to septic shock, blood pressure drops dramatically, which may lead to death.

9. What is meant by Nephrotoxic and Neurotoxic?

  • Nephrotoxicity is one of the most common kidney problems and occurs when your body is exposed to a drug or toxin that causes damage to your kidneys. When kidney damage occurs, your body is unable to get rid of excess urine, and wastes.
  • Neurotoxicity occurs when your body is exposed to a drug or toxin that causes damage. It is a chemical substance that primarily affects central nervous system and produce behavioral, emotional, or body-movement (motor) abnormalities.

10. What is Polyvalent snake anti venom?

  • Polyvalent Snake Anti Venom is an injection designed to help neutralise the effect of the poison (venom) from snake etc.

11. What is the difference between General and Local Anaesthesia?

  • Anaesthesia is necessary to block pain. As patients cannot experience pain during their operations anaesthesia keeps the patients from feeling pain and rooted in one place.General Anaesthesia allows the patient to “sleep” with the use of anaesthesia, being completely unaware of the surgery.Local Anaesthesia allows the patient to remain awake without feeling pain, which is the key difference between general and local anaesthesia.

12. What is Fasciotomy?

  • Fasciotomy is a surgical procedure that cuts away the fascia to relieve tension or pressure. Fascia is thin connective tissue covering, or separating, the muscles and internal organs of the body. The usual goal is to relieve pressure from a compression injury to a limb. This type of injury often occurs during contact sports or after a snake bite.


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