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Desun Today : May 2017 - Heat Stroke

Heat Stroke

Is a condition of medical emergency, defined as hyperthermia with a body temperature more than 40.6°C for being exposed to high environmental temperature. It is a physiological state that combines failure of neurologic system and loss of body thermal auto regulation.

Types :

External Heat Stroke : Primarily due to physical activity & environmental factors & often strikes relatively healthy people.

Classic Heat stroke : Primarily due to heat exposure, more common in elderly vulnerable populations.


Occurrence :

Heat stroke is occurred due to the failure of body’s cooling mechanisms (sweating and/or evaporative cooling) when exposed to brutal heat.


Symptoms :

  • Black-out
  • Excessive sweating
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Irritability
  • Headache
  • Seizures
  • Muscle cramps

Complications :

  • Internal organ damage
  • coma
  • Foetal harm in pregnant women
  • Even death

Causes :

  • Direct exposure to sun
  • Dehydration
  • Consumption of alcohol
  • Medication & age related physiological condition
  • Stress

Treatment :

First-Aid : Needs to be immediately begin by cooling the person. Move them to shade or an air conditioned building; remove constricting or clothing layers and cool the person with evaporative cooling (spray water on the patient while fans are running).


Diagnosis :

The diagnosis of heat stroke is almost always made by the patient's symptoms, exposure to hot surroundings, and taking the core body temperature (rectal temperature). Other tests are usually done to check electrolyte levels, urine studies for renal damage, liver damage, and rhabdomyolysis (muscle breakdown).Tests such as chest X-ray, CT, or MRI may be ordered to search for additional organ damage.


What is special about DESUN ?

DESUN has the most advanced medical infrastructure to handle any sort of emergencies. Most importantly the alertness, promptness & attentiveness of the healthcare team. When a patient is admitted with severe heat stroke we can also reasonably predict the further problems. The immediate diagnosis & medication will be there..

There is “24x7 Ambulance Network Cell” which is fully operational & helps you to locate an ambulance from anywhere in West Bengal in shortest possible time for admission at DESUN.


Prevention :

  • Wear loose-fitting, light colored clothing
  • Stay well hydrated
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Avoid direct sunlight
  • Avoid strenuous activity in the warmest part of the day
  • Some medications (diuretics, stimulants, sedatives)
  • Acclimatize if you are traveling or moving to a hot climate by limiting outdoor activities.


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